Alter ego 1 : méthode de français A1 by Annie Berthet, Catherine Hugot, Véronique Kizirian, Béatrix PDF

By Annie Berthet, Catherine Hugot, Véronique Kizirian, Béatrix Sampsonis, Monique Waendedries

ISBN-10: 2011554209

ISBN-13: 9782011554208

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There are four possible tonal shapes for such stems in the post-Low context, as shown below: (42) bofu tholi thuku ndemwa 'blind person' 'spy' 'scoundrel' 'neglected, naughty child' On the basis of the above post-Low pronunciations, the most natural account of these items (given our analysis of disyllabic prefixed noun stems) would be to assign these words the following tonal shapes (whether underlyingly, or subsequent to a default rule filling in the Lows): (43) L L H L H H L II /\ II II bofu tholi thuku ndemwa The Tonology of the Simple Noun 55 The only one of these items that would undergo any tonological rule in the post-Low environment would be nd£mwa, which would be subject to High Tone Spread and then Contour Simplification (the combined effect of which is simply to restore the underlying form).

While the revised form of Meeussen's Rule given as (23) will enable us to derive the post-High pronunciation of mu-s&dzi, it is not without Its problematic aspects. First, (23) is a rule that operates on a group of (auto)segments and changes the value of each of these (auto)segments under the Influence of a preceding (auto)segment: the question naturally arises as to whether such an operation is well-motivated. The The Tonology of the Simple Noun 35 phonological literature does not contain much In the way of evidence in favor of such rule types, whereas there is considerable evidence for rules that iterate from one end of a sequence of (auto)segments to the other end.

2. Prefixless nouns. We consider first stems with two TBU's. There are four possible tonal shapes for such stems in the post-Low context, as shown below: (42) bofu tholi thuku ndemwa 'blind person' 'spy' 'scoundrel' 'neglected, naughty child' On the basis of the above post-Low pronunciations, the most natural account of these items (given our analysis of disyllabic prefixed noun stems) would be to assign these words the following tonal shapes (whether underlyingly, or subsequent to a default rule filling in the Lows): (43) L L H L H H L II /\ II II bofu tholi thuku ndemwa The Tonology of the Simple Noun 55 The only one of these items that would undergo any tonological rule in the post-Low environment would be nd£mwa, which would be subject to High Tone Spread and then Contour Simplification (the combined effect of which is simply to restore the underlying form).

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Alter ego 1 : méthode de français A1 by Annie Berthet, Catherine Hugot, Véronique Kizirian, Béatrix Sampsonis, Monique Waendedries


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