By Robert J. Brulle
During this e-book Robert Brulle attracts on a extensive diversity of empirical and theoretical study to enquire the effectiveness of U.S. environmental teams. Brulle indicates how serious Theory--in specific the paintings of J?rgen Habermas--can extend our figuring out of the social explanations of environmental degradation and the political activities essential to care for it. He then develops either a realistic and a ethical argument for broad-based democratization of society as a prerequisite to the fulfillment of ecological sustainability.From the views of body research, source mobilization, and old sociology, utilizing information on a couple of hundred environmental teams, Brulle examines the middle ideals, constructions, investment, and political practices of a large choice of environmental organisations. He identifies the social techniques that foster the advance of a democratic environmental circulation and those who prevent it. He concludes with feedback for a way environmental teams could make their organizational practices extra democratic and politically powerful.
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Additional resources for Agency, Democracy, and Nature: The U.S. Environmental Movement from a Critical Theory Perspective
These discourses and social organizations become institutionalized and form an interrelated system that constitutes a society. These institutions then evolve and adapt to changing conditions through communicative action. Not only does Habermas’s framework explain the development and change of social order; it also provides a framework in which the rationality and morality of different social orders can be compared. Language and Communicative Action The theoretical framework Habermas uses is the philosophy of language.
The theory of communicative action is based on the idea of the ideal speech situation. : 324). : 323–328). : 326). However, communicative action sustains the vitality of social institutions of both the self and organizations through discursive redemption of the claims of the propositions of each discipline. This results in providing adequate knowledge to ensure the continuation of valid knowledge, the stabilization of group solidarity, and the socialization of responsible actors. Accordingly, the rationality of a social order can be evaluated on the basis of “the standards of the rationality of knowledge, the solidarity of members, and the responsibility of the adult personality” (Habermas 1987a: 141).
The continued expansion of human society was sustained by drawing down the stored capacity of the Earth’s fossil fuels. Thus, the modern social order is based on a temporary and unsustainable level of use of natural resources. However, even as the nonrenewable natural resources on which society depended reached their limits, exuberance continued to be the dominant worldview (Catton 1980: 5). The result of this process is that while the carrying capacity of the Earth’s nonrenewable natural resources remained fixed, the development and expansion of human society continued as if the natural resources available for human use were limitless (Catton and Dunlap 1980; Buttel 1986; Merchant 1992).
Agency, Democracy, and Nature: The U.S. Environmental Movement from a Critical Theory Perspective by Robert J. Brulle