By JANET GOLDEN
A Social heritage of rainy Nursing in the United States: From Breast to Bottle examines the intersection of scientific technological know-how, social idea, and cultural practices as they formed relatives between rainy nurses, physicians, and households from the colonial interval in the course of the 20th century. It explores how american citizens used rainy nursing to unravel baby feeding difficulties, indicates why rainy nursing grew to become debatable as motherhood slowly turned medicalized, and elaborates how the advance of medical youngster feeding eradicated rainy nursing by means of the start of the 20th century. Janet Golden's examine contributes to our realizing of the cultural authority of scientific technological know-how, the function of physicians in shaping baby rearing practices, the social building of motherhood, and the profound dilemmas of sophistication and tradition that performed out within the inner most area of the nursery.
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Additional info for A Social History of Wet Nursing in America: From Breast to Bottle
A geographic continuum existed as well; some wet nurses lived with their employers, whereas others took babies into their own homes. In each instance of wet nursing, the axes crossed at different points, like lines from a crudely drawn star. Social critics and physicians saw these individual arrangements as a constellation and characterized its boundaries and its luminosity at various historical moments. However, to understand wet nursing at its most fundamental, experiential level, it is necessary to explore individual instances of wet nursing and judge the meaning of the wet nursing relationship to all involved: the suckling, the employer, the wet nurse, and the wet nurse's family.
On Armstrong, see Evan Charney, "George Armstrong: An Early Activist," American Journal of Diseases of Children 128 (1974): 824-6. 19 Hugh Smith, The Female Monitor: Consisting of a Series of Letters to Married Women on Nursing and the Management of Children, 1st Am. ed. from the 6th London (Philadelphia: Matthew Carey, 1792), p. 84. 16 A social history of wet nursing however, Smith preferred bottle-feeding to wet nursing. Wet nurses, Smith believed, carried disease. 20 Colonial citizens read excerpts from Smith's Letters to Married Women on the Nursing and Management of Children (1772) in their local newspapers and purchased imported volumes of the book until an American edition appeared in 1792.
Caulfield concludes that Mary Sewall was placed at a wet nurse to treat her for convulsions. The entries in Sewall's diaries refer only to his visiting the child in Brookline and to her death there. Caulfield, "Infant Feeding in Colonial America," p. 676. 49 Gerald F. Moran and Maris A. , 39 (1982): 50. Wet nursing in colonial America 23 dren presumably were sent, developed a reputation for having healthy wet nurses. Ironically, the best evidence of these New England wet nursing enclaves comes from the town death records for the "nurse children.
A Social History of Wet Nursing in America: From Breast to Bottle by JANET GOLDEN