By Ian D. Armour
A heritage of japanese Europe 1740-1918: Empires, international locations and Modernisation offers a finished, authoritative account of the area in the course of a interval that entire with the 1st global warfare. Ian Armour specializes in the 3 significant issues that experience outlined japanese Europe within the sleek interval - empire, nationhood and modernisation - while chronologically tracing the emergence of japanese Europe as a special idea and position. designated insurance is given to the Habsburg, Ottoman, German and Russian Empires that struggled for dominance in this time.
In this interesting new version, Ian Armour comprises findings from new learn into the character and origins of nationalism and the makes an attempt of supranational states to generate dynastic loyalties in addition to innovations of empire. Armours insightful consultant to early japanese Europe considers the real figures and governments, analyses the numerous occasions and discusses the socio-economic and cultural advancements which are an important to a rounded figuring out of the quarter in that era.
Features of this new version include:
- a completely up-to-date and enlarged bibliography and notes
- 8 worthy maps
Read Online or Download A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation PDF
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A background of jap Europe 1740-1918: Empires, international locations and Modernisation presents a finished, authoritative account of the zone in the course of a interval that complete with the 1st international struggle. Ian Armour specializes in the 3 significant subject matters that experience outlined japanese Europe within the glossy interval - empire, nationhood and modernisation - while chronologically tracing the emergence of jap Europe as a special idea and position.
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Additional info for A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation
In Eastern Europe as elsewhere, it is important to distinguish between the efforts of rulers and public figures to promote more rational and hence more efficient government – efforts which were not necessarily dependent on enlightened thinking – and the spread of ideas and attitudes later in the century, which clearly did derive from an accepted model of Enlightenment. A third development which was in part a product of the Enlightenment, but also a reaction to it, was nationalism. Nationalism as an ideology was very clearly imported into Eastern Europe from the West, and it was not consciously adopted by more than a handful of people in the region until late in the century.
The Habsburg realm embraced the kingdoms of Hungary (including Croatia) and Bohemia and was a classic case of imperial ‘overstretch’, with territories and pretensions to hegemony in the Netherlands, Germany and Italy, as well as an uneasy relationship with its East European neighbours. A state just beginning to play a more forceful role in Eastern Europe, despite being part of it for centuries, was the Kingdom of Prussia, an amalgam of the Margravate of Brandenburg and the Duchy of Prussia. Brandenburg had also been formed as a border territory of the Holy Roman Empire and was from an early point an entirely German principality, ruled from 1411 by the Hohenzollern dynasty.
This process of awakening depended heavily on the socio-economic development of individual societies and above all on the existence of an educated class. In the cases of Hungary and Poland–Lithuania, the nobility, as a class wealthy enough to command a private education, filled this role to some extent. Even here, however, the education of nobles was by no means uniform, and the establishment of schools for nobles was an important milestone in the creation of an educated class. Even more important was the establishment of universal educational systems in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1773 and the Habsburg Monarchy between 1774 and 1777.
A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation by Ian D. Armour