By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang
This publication is a whole reference grammar of Qiang, one of many minority languages of southwest China, spoken through approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in Aba Tibetan and Qiang self reliant Prefecture in northern Sichuan Province. It belongs to the Qiangic department of Tibeto-Burman (one of the 2 significant branches of Sino-Tibetan). The dialect offered within the ebook is the Northern Qiang sort spoken in Ronghong Village, Yadu Township, Chibusu District, Mao County. This publication, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, is the results of a long time of labor at the language, and is as typologically finished as attainable. It contains not just the reference grammar, but in addition an ethnological assessment, a number of absolutely analyzed texts (mostly conventional stories), and an annotated word list. The language is verb ultimate, agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), and has either head-marking and based marking morphology. The phonology of Qiang is kind of advanced, with 39 consonants at seven issues of articulation, plus advanced consonant clusters, either in preliminary and ultimate place, in addition to vowel concord, vowel size differences, and a collection of retroflexed vowels. The grammar additionally
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary (Mouton Grammar Library)
This occurs both in compounds and when the directional prefix is added to verb roots. 4) ph > π ± f: a. ˙- DIR + ph˙ Æblowﬂ > ˙π Æblow (imperative)ﬂ 32 The phonological system b. s˙ Ætreeﬂ + c. 5) kh > x: a. )ﬂ b. 8) b > w: a. t˙DIR DIR b. )ﬂ t˙wa Æbecome bigﬂ When an aspirated initial becomes the final of a preceding syllable, losing its own vowel, it also generally loses its aspiration. For example, when the word /t˚h˙/ Ædrink, eat (wet foods)ﬂ takes a directional prefix (as in an imperative), it becomes [s˙t˚].
3) lu-m ®pe th˙ xs˙-zi]-wu [nes yesterday come-NOM Tibetan that three-CL-AGT t®hets˙-le: de-˚t˚i-ji-t˚i. now-ADV DIR-buy-GEN cloth black this i-j˙-t®]-≥u˙≤i qå ÷~u de-le ˚t˚åq-lu-å . 5) [the:-t˚-t˚iÙuå bå the-zi] pienå-lå [Âåwå ba xs˙-zi] 3sg-GEN-house old that-CL beside-LOC rock big three-CL ®˙. brother-DEF:CL ≈umt®i ≥u˙. ﬂ This last example has both a genitive phrase (though one not marked by the genitive postposition) and relative clause preceding the head noun. In some instances, an adverbial noun phrase is formed from a combination of a demonstrative and a numeral plus classifier or measure word.
Chapter 2 The phonological system In the context of Tibeto-Burman, the phonological system of Qiang is rather complex, as there are a large number of consonants, both in initial and final position, and a large number of complex consonant clusters, also both in initial and final position. In particular, having such a variety of consonant finals and clusters sets it apart from most other SinoTibetan languages. While the basic vowel inventory is not large, there are phonemic length and r-coloring distinctions.
A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary (Mouton Grammar Library) by Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang