By Carolyn Mackay
The Totonac-Tepehua language relations, although typologically just like another Mesoamerican languages, has now not but been verified to be with regards to the other language relations. Misantla Totonac is the southernmost number of Totonac and is spoken within the region among Xalapa, the capital of Veracruz, Mexico and Misantla, Veracruz. In 1974, a newly paved street hooked up Xalapa and Misantla bringing a comparatively remoted zone into touch with mainstream Mexican language and tradition. for this reason, Misantla Totonac is not any longer got as a primary language via the neighborhood little ones and is quickly being changed through Spanish. A GRAMMAR OF MISANTLA TOTONAC offers the phonological constitution of the language and the best morphological methods. It describes inflection and derivation of all significant notice sessions (verbs, nominals, and statives) intimately. It introduces grammatical contract and observe order phenomena, and provides the main salient and critical features of Misantla Totonac grammar. even if numerous Totonac-Tepehua grammars exist in Spanish, this is often the single released grammar of the Totonac-Tepehua language relations at the moment to be had in English. Winner of the yearly Society for the examine of Indigenous Languages of the Americas (SSILA) ebook Award, this marks the 3rd quantity to be released within the sequence. "The fabric provided here's key to any destiny paintings in reconstructing the proto-language. . . .[It] is an important contribution to either common linguistics in addition to to Mesoamerican stories. -James Watters, summer season Institute of Linguistics
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Extra info for A Grammar of Misantla Totonac: Studies in Indigenous Languages of the Americas
Ineffable: 말로 표현할 수 없는, 말해 yea: 그렇다, 실로, 참으로, 그렇지, 긍 서는 안될. 정, 예, 터무니 없이 높은, 찬성, 터무 obdurate: 완고한, 냉혹한. 니 없이 큰, 손을 펼쳐 보이면서 이렇 quicken: 살리다, 활기있게 하다, 생명 게 높은, 네. 26 Frederick Douglass most when they are most unhappy. The songs of the slave represent the sorrows of his heart; and he is relieved by them, only as an aching heart is relieved by its tears. At least, such is my experience. I have often sung to drown my sorrow, but seldom to express my happiness. Crying for joy, and singing for joy, were alike uncommon to me while in the jaws of slavery.
Korean cheer: 환호, 기분, 갈채, 갈채하다, 격 로 껴안다, 채용하다-서로 껴안다-포 려, 격려하다, 기운이 나다, 음식물, 옹, 성교, 채택하다. 기운을 북돋우다, 환성을 지르다, 음 entertainment: 마음에 품음, 대접, 여 식. 녜, 연회, 오락, 여응, 환대, 연예, 주 conviction: 죄의 자각, 설득, 회오, 확 연. 신, 신념, 유죄의 판결, 설득력, 유죄 gloom: 어둠, 어두워지다, 암흑, 음울, 판결. 음울한 표정, 우울, 암영, 어두운 얼굴 departed: 죽은, 과거의, 고인, 지나간, 을 하다, 침울, 어둑어둑해지다, 어둡 죽은사람. 게 하다. embrace: 포함하다, 포옹하다, 껴안다, hazard: 우연, 위험, 운, 모험, 걸다, 주 매수하다, 깨닫다, 포옹, 채용하다, 서 사위 놀이의 일종, 해보다, 위태롭게 하다, 위험을 무릅쓰고 하다, 주사위 도박의 일종. incur: 입다, 분노, 비난, 에 부딪치다, 위험을 초래하다, 초래하다.
Prejudice: 편견, 해치다, 손해, 비뚤어 진 생각, 불리-편견을 갖게 하다, 손 상시키다해치다, 침해, 이익 따위를 해치다, 에 편견을 가지게 하다, 권리 따위를 해치다. quarrel: 싸움의 원인, 싸움, 불평, 말다 툼, 네모진 촉이 달린 화살, 불화의 씨 , 불화, 불평하다, 싸움하다, 말다툼하 다, 말다툼의 원인. separately: 따로따로, 하나하나, 갈라 져, 단독으로. transferable: 옮길 수 있는, 이전할 수 있는. untried: 미심리의, 해 보지 않은, 경험 이 없는, 해보지 않은, 심리하지 않은. The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass 31 CHAPTER IV Mr. %Hopkins remained but a short time in the office of overseer. Why his career was so short, I do not know, but suppose he lacked the necessary severity to suit Colonel Lloyd.
A Grammar of Misantla Totonac: Studies in Indigenous Languages of the Americas by Carolyn Mackay